Types Of Fishing Lures And When To Use Them

Many people target a specific species of fish when they go fishing. For this reason, a lure is often preferred over live bait and they tend to be less messy and harder for the fish to swallow them into their stomach.

However, lures can be expensive when compared to live bait and this makes it painful when they end up lost from being snagged on an underwater obstacle or in a tree. It’s important to know when to use a specific and lure as well as the parts of fishing lures.

Fishing Lure Types

There are many types of fishing lures and each of them appeal to a different species of fish and they have their own presentation. The main fishing lure types are jigs, spinners, spoons, plus, spinner baits, flies, and soft plastic baits. Fishing lure parts vary as well, and each bait has its own parts that make them unique.

One of the more popular lures would be spinners. They are easy to use which makes them a great beginner lure. They consist of a metal shaft with a hook (which can be bare or have some sort of dressing) along with a spinning blade. As the lure is dragged through the water, the blade starts to spin which attracts the fish by sound and vibration. Spinners are best used in murky water where fish do not rely on sight to hunt.

Another popular type of lure would be a jig. This lure can catch just about any fish out there as it’s hard for fish to resist them. They have a waited head and are available in a multitude of colors. The hook is typically concealed with feather, hair, or with small bait. When using a jig it’s important that it “hops” along the bottom of the water by lifting the tip of the rod and then lowering it. This makes them great for teasing big fish that are resting along the bottom.

Many anglers enjoy using plugs as they resemble baitfish or frogs. They are carved from hollow wood, and usually feature multiple hooks. Some of the newer plugs are made from plastic and they are filled with shot which makes a unique noise in the water that attracts fish. Plugs can be fished at multiple depths and they are made to dive or float. The plug has a plastic lip on the front of the body which can sometimes be adjusted to set its diving ability. Many anglers use plugs to attract fish near a set of trees or other debris in the water as fish will often attack out of curiosity.

Spoons are also popular and they get their name from their unique curved shape. Spoons are great for catching gamefish as they emulate an injured baitfish. Their side-to-side action gives it a very distinct movement and there is a spoon available for almost any fishing scenario. They can be cast, trolled, jigged, and more.

Perhaps the most common type of lure would be the traditional soft plastic bait. They are mainly used in bass fishing and the lures represent worms or other small creatures. Their soft bodies entice the fish to hold on longer which gives the angler a longer chance to set the hook. Soft plastic baits are great for weeded areas as they tend to avoid getting hung up or snagged on underwater foliage. A common way to fish with this lure is a Texas rig and can be performed by:

  1. Slip a sinker onto the line.
  2. Tie on an offset worm hook.
  3. Insert a quarter inch of the hook into the top of the worm until it protrudes out of the side.
  4. Reinsert the hook into the middle of the worm.
  5. Ensure that the point of the hook is hidden.

The most unusual looking lure would be the spinner bait. The body of the bait is dressed with a rubber skirt and has an arm attached that typically has a metallic blade like the ones seen on spinners. The best way to fish with spinner bait is to simply cast it out and reel in it in at a set speed so that it keeps a certain depth within the water. Spinner baits are great for catching predatory fish that would prey on an injured fish such as a Largemouth or Smallmouth bass.

Finally, the last lures are flies. They are normally used with fly fishing equipment but can be used with a clear plastic bobber out front. Flies are lightweight and they imitate water insects that rest on the surface of the water. They typically feature fur and feathers although some of the newer designs feature foam and rubber.


It is recommended that one technique of these types of fishing lures are mastered before an angler proceeds with trying to learn another technique. Each lure caters to a certain species of fish, and there is no such thing as a guarantee when it comes to fishing. As any angler can corroborate, practice makes perfect.